The cell cycle is a complex process that leads to the production of 2 identical daughter cells.
Cell surface receptors can regulate the cell cycle.
In eukaryotes, the cell cycle can be divided into 2 parts:
- Interphase- cell growth, accumulation of nutrients needed for mitosis, preparation for cell division and duplication of DNA
- Mitosis- cell splits itself into 2 distinct daughter cells
- G1 - cell growth, protein production
- S phase- DNA synthesis, DNA replication
- G2 - cell prepares to divide, new organelles form
The result of mitosis is two identical cells produced through cytokinesis, division of the cell cytoplasm.
The cell cycle can be regulated by a number of signaling components, such as JAK STAT.
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